"Congress accepted Tennessee as a State on June 1, 1796 (1 Stat. 491), and provided the new State with one district court having both district and circuit court jurisdictions on January 31, 1797 (1 Stat. 496). Congress provided for four court terms per year, two in Nashville and two in Knoxville. This arrangement continued when, in 1801, the State was divided into two judicial districts--East Tennessee and West Tennessee--with seats at Knoxville and Nashville, respectively. In 1839 a third judicial district was created for Tennessee. The Western District now met at Jackson, the new Middle District met at Nashville, and the Eastern district met at Knoxville.
Source: National Archives , Microfilm Publications, Microfilm I.D. M1213